Informative Text Structure

Informative Text Structure

In this article, we’ll be discussing the different types of text structure and how you can use them to better engage your readers. You’ll learn about the benefits of using each type of text structure and how to apply them to your own writing.

What is informative text structure?

Informative text structure is a way of organizing information in a text so that readers can easily understand and follow the main ideas. This type of structure is often used in nonfiction texts, such as news articles, textbooks, and research reports.

One common feature of informative texts is that they often begin with a general introduction to the topic before getting into more specific information. This helps readers get oriented to the topic and provides them with some background knowledge that will make it easier to follow the rest of the text.

Within the body of the text, information is usually presented in a logical order that makes sense for the particular topic. For example, cause-and-effect relationships may be explained, or steps in a process may be listed out. Headings and subheadings can also be used to break up the text and signal to readers what topics are being covered.

Finally, many informative texts conclude with a summary of the main points that have been covered. This helps readers remember what they have read and gives them a clear overview of the main ideas of the text.

The different types of informative text structures

There are four different types of informative text structures: description, sequence, cause and effect, and comparison and contrast. Each type of structure serves a different purpose and can be used in a variety of ways to better communicate information.

Description is the most basic type of informative text structure. It simply relays information about a person, place, thing, or event. Sequence is another common type of structure used to convey information. It arranges information in a chronological order or steps in a process. Cause and effect is another common structure used to explain how one event leads to another. Lastly, comparison and contrast is used to show how two things are similar or different.

Each type of informative text structure has its own strengths and weaknesses. When choosing which type of structure to use, it is important to consider the purpose of the communication and the audience that will be reading it.

How to identify informative text structures

Informative text can be found in many different places – from news articles to scientific papers, and even in some fiction writing. But what all informative texts have in common is their purpose: to inform the reader about something.

There are a few different structures that informative texts can take, and being able to identify them can be helpful for understanding what you’re reading. Here are four of the most common informative text structures:

1. Problem/Solution: This type of structure presents a problem in the beginning, followed by information about possible solutions. It’s often used in arguments or persuasive writing, to try to convince the reader that a certain solution is the best one.

2. Cause/Effect: This structure looks at the causes of something (or the events leading up to it) and then explores the effects that result. It’s often used in historical writing, or to explain how something works.

3. Compare/Contrast: As its name suggests, this structure compares two things (or ideas) side by side, looking at both their similarities and their differences. It’s often used to help readers understand complex concepts, or to make an argument for why one thing is better than another.

The benefits of understanding informative text structures

When you know how to identify the different types of informative text structures, you can more easily understand and follow along with what you read. This not only makes reading more enjoyable, but can also help you better remember what you read. In addition, understanding text structures can assist you in writing your own texts, whether for school or work. Knowing how to arrange information in a way that is clear and easy to follow will make your writing more effective.

How to use informative text structures in your writing

Informative text structures are a great way to organize your thoughts and communicate your ideas clearly. Whether you’re writing a research paper or a blog post, using an informative text structure will help your readers understand your argument or point of view. Here are some tips on how to use informative text structures in your writing:

Introduce the topic: Start by introducing the topic of your article or essay. Give some background information and explain why the topic is important.

Thesis statement: Next, state your thesis or main argument. This is the main point that you’re trying to communicate in your writing. Be sure to make it clear and concise so that your readers can easily follow along.

Supporting evidence: After stating your thesis, provide evidence to support it. This could be data from research, examples from real life, or quotes from experts. By including supporting evidence, you’ll make your argument more convincing and compelling.

Concluding thoughts: Finally, wrap up your article with a conclusion that summarizes your main points and leaves the reader with something to think about.


Text structure is an important aspect of writing, and it can be helpful to understand the different options when you’re planning your next piece. In general, informative texts can be organized in one of four ways: chronological, compare and contrast, cause and effect, or problem and solution. Each option has its own strengths and weaknesses, so it’s important to choose the right one for your topic. With a little planning, you can ensure that your informative text is well-organized and easy for your readers to follow.

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